Doug Campbell on Freedom

“In an embodied, complex, and relational situation, freedom is not a matter of sheer choice – the latter being something of a chimera – but of an incremental creation of new possibilities for bodily action that must be learned and internalized. All action is initially the gift of new possible actions from someone else, to which humans can freely and appropriately respond. Freedom is therefore complex, communally mediated, and embodied. Above all, it is learned and hence taught, much as someone is only free to play a violin beautifully after years of practice and instruction, ideally by a maestro. Freedom is the accumulation of smaller freedoms in the sense of growth in possible concrete actions learned from one who has mastered them before hand.”

– Doug Campbell (Four Views on the Apostle Paul, 132-133)

One thought on “Doug Campbell on Freedom

  1. I think freedom means freedom. Im pretty sure that when I served my country during Vietnam war i was fighting for freedom instead of the alternative. We were there to kill the bad guys before they killed us. And freedom for sure, is never free.


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